Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Gardasil Vaccine for Men & Women

Gardasil: Cervical Cancer Vaccine for Men and Women

by: Arlene Gentallan

Gardasil is a recombinant vaccine that protect against human papillomavirus (HPV) strains 6, 11, 16, and 18. Yes, Gardasil is not just for women, men can have a shot too.


HPV Facts

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most commonly sexually transmitted disease. It has more than 100 viral strains. 40 strains are sexually transmitted and about 60 can cause warts.
  • There are certain strains of HPV than can spread through skin-to-skin contact. There are self limiting HPV virus. Not all produces an apparent symptom.
  • HPV 18 strain is responsible for the development of about 70% cases of cervical cancer.
  • HPV 16 strain is res and oropharyngeal cancer,65% vaginal cancer, 50% vulvar cancer, and 35% penile cancer.
  • HPV 6 and 11 can cause warts (condylomata acuminata.)


Advantages of Gardasil vaccination
  • In men, it help prevent anal cancer and genital warts

  • In females, it also help prevent anal cancer, genital warts, as well as cervical cancer, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer.


Age group for Gardasil vaccination

  • Ages 9 to 26 years old are allowed to be vaccinated. It is recommended for boys and girls 11 to 12 years old.


Contraindications

  • Certain individuals should not be vaccinated with Gardasil:
  • Individuals allergic to yeast or latex
  • Individuals with compromised immune system
  • Pregnant women
  • Lactating women


Does Gardasil offer 100% protection?

  • Being vaccinated with Gardasil is not a guarantee that you will not develop cervical cancer so routine screening like pap smear should continue for women. Gardasil is a vaccine so it offers preventive measure, not curative.
  • It offers about 70% protection against cervical cancer, 90% protection against genital warts, and 80% protection against anal cancer.


Shot intervals

  • There are 3 Gardasil vaccine shots given at a duration of 6 months. Interval between the 1st and 2nd shot is 2 months. Interval between the 1nd and 3rd shot is 6 months.


Common side effects:

  • Pain, redness, swelling, and bruising at the injection site.
  • Low grade fever
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting


Special precaution:

  • Fainting may occur. To avoid injury, remain seated for 15 minutes after receiving a shot.