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What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

What You should Know about Osteoarthritis What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

What You should Know about Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is not a normal part of aging.     It's hallmark feature of articular cartilage destruction is not an expected package that comes with being old. The earlier belief that it is caused by aging is a myth. It is true that certain components of cartilage like proteoglycans diminished with old age, leading to decreased quality of articular cartilage, still the breaking off and loss of articular cartilage is not normal.


Osteoarthritis is incurable.     The sad truth is, once the disease dev…

Osteoarthritis Review Series

Osteoarthritis Review Series Osteoarthritis (OA)

Review Series by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

Definition:     • aka. degenerative joint disease
• Marked by articular cartilage destruction
    • most prevalent type of arthritis
    • Types:
       · Idiopathic osteoarthritis
          - unknow cause
          - most common
          - may have a genetic link
       · Secondary osteoarthritis
          - Secondary to history of trauma / disease process


Etiology:     • Inherited (family history of osteoarthritis)
    • Hormones
    • Aging
    • Obesity
    • Sedentary lifestyle

What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?

What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis? What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?     Effects of osteoarthritis is confined mainly to joints, it does not usually involve other organs. Complications arise as result of cartilage destruction.



    • Permanent immobility

         Progression of the disease, especially with improper management, ultimately leads to complete articular cartilage destruction leading to pain and immobility of the affected joint.



    • Disfiguring deformity

         Enlargement of the joint periphery due to bone spur formation (osteophyte) alters th…

What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?

What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis? What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

What are the Treatments / Management for Osteoarthritis?     Osteoarthritis is a lifelong disease. Treament is based on management of symptom and control of modifiable risk factors to slow down it's progression.

• Weight loss

         Excess weight puts additional burden to the weight-bearing joints. Eating a balanced diet coupled with regular exercise is encouraged to promote weight loss.



    • Exercise

         There are several benefits that can be derived from exerise. Exercise promotes weight loss and strengthens bones, muscles, …

How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?

How to diagnose Osteoarthritis? How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?     Diagnosis is based on several factors:

• Presence of sign and symptoms characteristic of osteoarthritis

          Health history taking is an important tool for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Risk factors for the development of osteoarthritis like fracture and other predisposing condition can be identified. The individual may verbalize classic manifestation of the disease which is joint pain that worsens with movement and is relieved by rest, as well as joint movement limitation.


• Physical examination

          Physical…

Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

What is the age of onset of Osteoarthritis?     Articular cartilage degeneration can begin as early as the third decade of life (30s) while symptoms becomes apparent at the fifth (50s) to sixth (60s) decade of life.


Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis     Signs and symptoms shown by a person suffering from osteoarthritis is the direct result of articular cartilage destruction and bone spur growth.

• Joint pain

         The most common symptom brought about by osteoarthritis is joint pain. Due to articular cartilage loss, bone ends at joint intersection no l…

Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis

Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis Idiopathic Osteoarthritis     In Idiopathic osteoarthritis, there is no definitive cause that can be pointed out. There is no history of bone / joint injury that can be linked to the development of this form of arthritis. Although there may be a genetic culprit.
    In most cases, the root cause of osteoarthritis can not be identified. So, idiopathic type of osteoarthritis is more common than the secondary type.

Secondary Osteoarthritis     In secondary osteoarthritis, there is an identifiable precipitati…

What is Osteoarthritis?

What is Osteoarthritis? What is Osteoarthritis?

by: Arlene Gentallan


OSTEOARTHRITIS: What is Osteoarthritis?
Etiology and Risk factors of Osteoarthritis
Sign and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
How to Diagnose Osteoarthritis?
What are the Treatments for Osteoarthritis?
What are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?
Review Series / Bullet Guide
What You should Know about Osteoarthritis

What is Osteoarthritis?     Osteoarthritis (also known as degenerative joint disease) is the most prevalent type of arthritis. It is marked by articular cartilage destruction / degeneration leading to joint pain and decreased range of motion.


What is an articular cartilage?     Articular cartilage is the pearly white membrane that covers the end of bones where they meet to form a joint. The articular cartilage protects the bone ends of a joint when we move and lift weight. It provides a smooth surface so bone ends will not be damaged by friction when they slide against each other during …

Lifestyle Modifications to Control Hypertension

Lifestyle is closely tied to hypertension. Changing the way you lead your life is the first step towards bringing your blood pressure down. That is, by making healthier choices.


@healtbiztips by Arlene Gentallan
What is Hypertension?     Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a potentially lethal health condition that can have devastating outcome.

    In hypertension, the heart works harder than normal to pump blood throughout the body. The resulting high blood pressure it creates can damage the blood vessel wall and vital organs if left uncontrolled.

    When it comes to controlling hypertension, lifestyle modification comes first. Here's a shot at some modifiable factors


Lifestyle Modifications to Control Hypertension

MIND YOUR SALT INTAKE

    Sodium chloride (table salt) supply us with two important electrolyte for the healthy functioning of our body. Too low sodium and chloride electrolyte can have serious effect on the body. …

Calorie: List of Caloric Content of Foods

Calorie: List of Caloric Content of Foods Calorie: List of Caloric Content of Foods

by: Arlene Gentallan

What is calorie?     Calorie is a unit of energy. It has two types; namely: small calorie (cal) and large calorie (kcal, Cal). Small calorie is the energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 °C, while Large calorie is the energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 °C. ( 1 Cal or 1 kcal = 1000cal)

    Large calorie (kcal, Cal) is the unit of energy measurement used for foods. In simple terms, calories is the amount of energy you get from the food you eat.



      HERE IS A LIST OF CALORIC CONTENT OF SOME OF THE MOST COMMON FOODS BASED ON USDA:

FRUITS Food ProductServingKcal (calorie)Apple(Medium size), (182g)95Banana(Medium size), (188g)105Grape(1 piece), (2.4 g)2Grape(1 cup), (92g)62Orange(1 fruit 2-5/8" dia), (131g)62Stawberry(1 small), (1" dia), (7g)2Stawberry(1 cup), (144g)47


DRINKS…

12 Promising Tips to Loose Extra Weight

12 Promising Tips to Loose Extra Weight 12 Promising Tips to Loose Extra Weight

by: Arlene Gentallan

1. CUT DOWN 500 CALORIE EACH DAY TO LOOSE 1-2 LBS (2.2-4.4 KG) PER WEEK
    Large calorie (kcal, Cal) is a measure of the amount of energy you get from the foods you eat. Daily caloric intake depends on several factors like age, weight, height, level of physical activity, and metabolic rate. Caloric intake varies from one individual to another because of the differences among these factors.

    To loose weight, you will need to cut down on your caloric intake. So that means, eating less. Crash diet isn't the answer since it can pose danger to your health. It is recommended that you cut around 500 calorie from your daily calorie intake. This will result to you loosing about 1 to 2 pounds in a week.


List of Caloric Content of Foods It's important you know how much calorie your food contains so you'll know which food you'll limit or avoid.

M…

IV Cannulation: IV Insertion Tips & Tricks

IV Cannulation: IV Insertion Tips & Tricks

by: Arlene Gentallan

    IV insertion is an important indispensable skill, yet you may realize that it is one of the hardest skill to master. While it's not easy, your skill can be improved through continuous clinical practice. Here are some tips and tricks you can apply to do a successful intravenous cannulation:

DETERMINE THE APPROPRIATE SIZE OF CANNULA TO BE USED

    There are varying cannula sizes which is measured in gauge. The higher the gauge number, the smaller the size of the needle and it's bore.

Gauge 14 - (color Orange) Very large bore cannula reserved for emergency in which rapid fluid resuscitation or medicine administration is neededGauge 16 - (color Gray) Used for surgeryGauge 17- (color White) Used for rapid intravenous infusion or blood transfusionGauge 18 - (color Green) Used for blood transfusionGauge 20 - (color Pink) Standard for adult intravenous fluid infusionGauge 22 - (color Blue)

8 Things to Learn to be a Better Staffnurse

8 Things to Learn to be a Better Staffnurse

by: Arlene Gentallan

    Your job as a staffnurse may not be easy. It can be stressful and demanding. But it's a rewarding and fulfilling job.
    Continuous learning benefits not only yourself but your patients as well. Here are the things you can learn to be better at what you do:


# 1. PRIORITIZATION & TIME-MANAGEMENT

      A usual nurse's shift lasts 8 hours. Compiling all you have to do as a staffnurse demands time-management. Rendering patient care, taking vital signs, preparing and giving medications, making appropriate referrals, documenting on the patient's chart...the list go on. With so many responsibilities a staffnurse has to squeeze in that 8 hours, every single minute counts so you can't afford to waste any. Know your priorities and do the most important thing first.


# 2. FLEXIBILITY

      Nurses handles patients across the lifespan, with varying conditions, personalitie…