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PQRST Pain Assessment

PQRST Pain Assessment

by: Arlene Gentallan

        The PQRST pain assessment is a tool used by medical professionals to determine and interpret the pain experience of a patient. This assessment tool is valuable because pain is subjective. So only the person having the pain is the best person that can accurately describe what he/she is experiencing. The patient's description of his/her pain provides important clues to the underlying medical condition which medical professionals can then analyze to direct management/treatment and patient care.


Provocation / Palliation  - What are you doing / what conditions may have contributed to the onset of your pain? <strenous activity, inhaling deeply, ambulation, early morning, pain while at rest>  - What relieves your pain? (What makes it better?)  - What aggravates your pain? (What makes it worse?)


Quality  - What does your pain feels like? (Describe your pain.) <intermittent vs. constant, sharp, dull, crushing>
Region / Radiation  - Where d…

Kitchen Remedies to Get Rid of Dark Spots (DIY)

Kitchen Remedies to Get Rid of Dark Spots (Do it yourself)

by: Arlene Gentallan

Dark spots are annoying, and at times embarrassing that we resort to concealers and creams to hide them. But you don't have to settle with artificial means because there's natural and healthy ways to rid these hyperpigmentations off your skin for good.

You can choose from a variety of natural skin lighteners below:

1. Lemon juice
Lemon's citric acid content lightens skin tone and exfoliates dead skin cells. It is also a rich source of Vitamin C. Squeeze fresh lemon juice and apply it directly onto the dark spot. (You can use your bare finger or a cotton ball/applicator.)Allow it to dry for at least 30 minutes before washing with water.Do this treatment twice daily (every morning and night.)You'll usually see positive result in 2 months.Topical application of concentrated lemon juice can induce a stinging sensation. You can dilute lemon juice with water, rosewater or honey before application to re…

3 Health Benefits of Green Tea you should Know

3 Health Benefits of Green Tea you should Know



By: Arlene Gentallan

The cup of tea you enjoy today has a history dating back to China where it is an integrated part of their culture and lifestyle. Here are the health benefits you get from drinking green tea:


Longevity

Green tea is a packed full of poweful antioxidants in the form of polyphenols (such as flavonoids and catechins "epigallocatechin gallate") which fight harmful free radicals. Antioxidant helps our body fight the effects of aging and cell degeneration. This aids the body in combating a myriad of health problems such as:

1. Cancer
2. Cardiovascular disease
3. Alzheimer’s disease
4. Diabestes

Green tea contains such amazing benefits that in fact, it contains a higher amount of antioxidant compared to fruits and vegetables.


Fat Burner

Did you know that a single cup of tea contains only about 2 calories? It also helps your burn fat because it increases your metabolic rate while decreasing your fat absorption.


Wakes you up

Green …

Fisetin: Fruits and Vegetables: Memory Enhancer, Anticancer, Liver Protector

Fisetin:Fruits and Vegetables: Memory Enhancer, Anticancer, Liver Protector


There's a lot more to fruits and vegetables than just vitamins and nutrients. But it isn't until the past decade that it's flavanol content has been identified.


Fisetin is a flavonol that's naturally present in fruits and vegetables. There's new studies that gives us convincing and powerful scientific insights into how it works to protect our health.

A variety of fruits and vegetables contains fisetin, including:

Strawberries
Blueberries
Apple
Mango
Grapes
Kiwi
Peach
Cucumber (skin)

Caffeine Not Recommended for Hypertensives

Caffeine Not Recommended for Hypertensives


Caffeine consumption can lead to stiffening of aorta and temporary blood pressure elevation.


In a study headed by Dr. Charalambos Vlachopoulos (Department of cardiology, Athens Medical School, Greece), 10 participants were given either a placebo or 250 mg (equivalent to 2-3 cups of coffee). They've found out that aside from caffeine's effect in raising both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, it also resulted in aortic stiffening which they've determined through measurement of carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV.)


Aorta is the major blood vessel that pumps blood away from the heart to circulate to various tissues and organs of the body. It's stiffening will result to retention of blood in the left ventricle (the heart's major pumping chamber.) This will lead to less volume of blood that's able to circulate and supply the body with oxygen and nutrients while the heart works harder to pump blood.


Caffeine's effec…

Talc: Hidden Danger of Baby Powder

Talc: Hidden Danger of Baby Powder

By: Arlene Gentallan


        Talc or talcum is extensively used in baby powder and cosmetics. It is an excellent moisture absorb-er which keeps the skin dry and soft while preventing awful rashes from forming.  Because of it's convenience, no wonder it has staggering use worldwide, but there's something about it that you should be wary of.

        Although shrouded with debates and controversy, there are compelling evidence based on several studies that talc is indeed a carcinogenic compound. Prolong inhalation of talc increases the risk of developing lung cancer and it's regular use on women's private part can increase the risk of acquiring ovarian cancer.

        In 1992, Obstetrics & Gynecology published a report where they stated that use of talc on genitals increases risk of women to develop ovarian cancer by threefold.

        Naturally occurring talc contains asbestos, a potent carcinogen with a strong linkage to lung cance…

What is the difference between clonidine and captopril?

What is the difference between clonidine and captopril?
What is the difference between clonidine and captopril?

Generic name: Clonidine
Brand name: Catapres
Classification: Central Alpha2 adrenergic agonists / central adrenergic inhibitors


Clonidine (Catapres) decreases blood pressure by inhibiting alpha-adrenergic receptors in the brain (central nervous system). This results to:
- Blockage of action of epinephrine and norepinephrine
- Vasodilation
- slows heart rate


Clonidine (Catapres)

When we become older, our blood vessels usually become narrow because of stiffening (arteriosclerosis) and fat deposition (atherosclerosis.) This impedes blood circulation.

Clonidine  relaxes blood vessels so blood can circulate with less pressure. It relaxes the blood vessels by inhibiting the action of catecholamines (such as epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine) which are potent vasoconstrictors released during fight-or-flight response.


Clonidine (Catapres) decreases blood pressure by inhibiti…

Health Benefits of Fresh Pineapple

Health Benefits of Fresh Pineapple


PINEAPPLE - THE SUPERFRUIT!


Pineapple is a popular tropical fruit that's an all around kitchen companion, used for many deserts and delicacies, can be eated fresh, cooked, canned, juiced, frozen etc., and available year round in almost all groceries and supermarkets.

This superfruit has been used since the ancient times to treat a variety of ailments but it is only during the modern times that we trully understand it's medicinal wonder.



What makes pineapple a superfruit?

Let's look at the nutritional content of pineapple:

Bromelain is found in high concentration in the core of the pineapple fruit and it's stem. Here are the health benefits we get from consumption of pineapple because of it's bromelain content:


Good for your Tummy
Pineapple naturally contains bromelain which is an enzyme that breaks down molecules of protein into it's simpler form, amino acids. So, in simpler sense, bromelaid aids in the digestion of protein.

You may re…

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