Monday, October 9, 2017

Sweet tooth's Liver Culprit

Sweet tooth's Liver Culprit

By: Arlene Gentallan

Sweet tooth's Liver Culprit
Sweet tooth's Liver Culprit

        Are ice cream, cakes, chocolate, and candies part of your to do list? Perhaps not...?

        Let's take a peek into your liver. Did you know there's a hormone secreted by the liver that makes one vulnerable to the allure of those sweet goodness--it's the FGF21.

        A study led by M. Gillum discovered that study participants with gene FGF21 variants are 20% more likely to be top consumers of sweets.

        Do remember that too much isn't always good.

        The study also revealed that people with variants of FGF21 gene not only has an increased likelihood of being sweet lover, they also have a higher tendency to drink more alcohol and smoke.

        Though the study was not able to find a link that FGF21 can predispose an individual to diabetes type 2 and obesity.


Resouces:

Cell Press. (2017, May 2). Got a sweet tooth? Blame your liver. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 8, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170502142036.htm


Thursday, October 5, 2017

Anti-diabetic Facts: Oleuropein in Olive stimulates Insulin production

Anti-diabetic Facts: Oleuropein in Olive stimulates Insulin production

By: Arlene Gentallan

Anti-diabetic Facts: Oleuropein in Olive stimulates Insulin production
Anti-diabetic Facts: Oleuropein in Olive stimulates Insulin production

Here's a good reason to add olive oil in your diet.

A research led by Bin Xu, Ph.D found an important compound in olive that's key in it's anti-diabetic property. Oleuropein in olive leaves stimulates the beta cells of pancreas to produce insulin. Our body needs insulin to transport glucose into cells which in turn will be used as an energy source. This in turn, will lower blood sugar level.

Here's another advantage of olive that works in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Did you know that amylin amyloids (protein aggregates) can build up in your pancreas with damaging consequence to insulin-producing beta cells. Oleuropein inhibits amylin amyloids deposition in the pancreas.



Facts:

The beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas procude and store insulin.

Resources:

Bin Xu, Ling Wu, Paul Velander, Dongmin Liu. Olive component oleuropein promotes ß-cell insulin secretion and protects ß-cells from amylin amyloid induced cytotoxicity. Biochemistry, 2017, 56 (38), pp 5035–5039; DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00199.


Saturday, September 30, 2017

What are the Common causes of Hypokalemia?

What are the Common causes of Hypokalemia?

By: Arlene Gentallan

What are the Common causes of Hypokalemia?
What are the Common causes of Hypokalemia?

What is hypokalemia?

        Hypokalemia refers to lower than normal levels of potassium in the body. Potassium is an important electrolyte needed to transmit electrical signal need for muscle contraction.

        Normal potassium level is between 3.5 to 5.0 meq/L. When potassium level drops below normal, it is called hypokalemia. Hypokalemia is not a disease, rather, it is a sign of an underlying disease.

Hypokalemia (low potassium level) can result to symptoms such as:
  • Muscle cramps
  • Muscle twitching
  • Muscle tingling
  • Muscle weakness
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Constipation
  • Confusion
  • Irregular heart beat

         If potassium level drops to a critical level, it can cause abnormal heart rhythm and compromise the pumping of the heart leading to heart attack (cardiac arrest).


What are the causes of hypokalemia?

        The most commons cause of potassium deficiency is excessive potassium loss in the urine like in cases when diuretics is used. Here are the culprit of low potassium level:
  • Prolonged diarrhea (eg. inflammatory bowel disease, laxative abuse)
  • Excessive vomiting
  • Excessive sweating (eg. prolonged physical activity)
  • Prolong use of penicillin based antibiotic
  • A diet deficient in potassium
  • Diet high in salt (sodium)
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Alkalosis
  • Cushing syndrome (hyperaldosteronism)
  • Low magnesium level
  • Insulin overuse
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis


Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Aspirin Cuts risk of Cancer Death

Aspirin Cuts risk of Cancer Death

By: Arlene Gentallan

Aspirin Cuts risk of Cancer Death
Aspirin Cuts risk of Cancer Death

        Cancer is a dreadful diagnosis which commonly struck it's sufferer with fear. There is a growing population of cancer victims.

        Research is continuously seeking new grounds for the fight against cancer.

        Aspirin, an over the counter pain medication and anticoagulant has a surprising health benefit. Regular use of aspirin lowers risk of dying from cancer according to a study led by Yin Cao (an instructor in the Medicine, Clinical and Translation Epidemiology Unit at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School) which was presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research held in Washington.


      Here are the benefits of long term regular intake of aspirin:
  • Cuts overall risk of dying from cancer by 7% in women and 11% in men.
  • Cuts risk of dying from colorectal cancer by 31% in women and 3o% in men.
  • Cuts risk of dying from breast cancer by 11% in women.
  • Cuts risk of dying from prostate cancer by 23% in men.

        Cancer death reduction is seen among participants who take half tablet to one and a half tablet of regular-strength aspirin (325mg tablet), but the greatest benefit was observed among participants with intake of 2 to 7 doses of regular-strength aspirin (325mg tablet) per week. Cancer reduction was also greatly observed among participans who took aspirin for 6 years.



        The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends daily intake of low-dose aspirin on older people ages 50 to 69 years old who have a 10% or greater risk of developing colorectal cancer or cardiovascular disease.

        The study involves data from two large studies: 86,206 women who participated in the Nurse's Health Study conducted between 1980 to 2012. 43,977 men who participated in the Health Professional Follow-Up Study from 1986 to 2010.

        Although aspirin has promising benefits in the fight against cancer, researchers warned that it should be taken with caution, balancing risk with benefits. Like other medicine, aspirin has side effects like gastrointestinal bleeding, ulcer, and hemorrhagic stroke. It's anticoagulant property can be dangerous to some people such as those with bleeding tendency. Consult your doctor before starting treatment.


Note:

Aspirin is an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) commonly used as a pain reliever and anticoagulant to prevent heart attack and stroke.


Tuesday, September 5, 2017

10 Facts about Zika Virus

10 Facts about Zika Virus

By: Arlene Gentallan

10 Facts about Zika Virus
10 Facts about Zika Virus

        Zika virus is causing an outrage because of serious effect it inflicts to unborn children. Here are the facts you should know about this tropical disease:


1. Did you know that zika virus was first seen in monkeys in Zika Forest in Uganda way back 1947.

2. Zika virus is a flaviviruses transmitted by bite of Aedes mosquito. These mosquitoes are most active during the day.

3. If a pregnant woman gets infected with zika virus, it can lead to devastating outcome to the unborn child. Zika virus shrinks the brain and head of an unborn child (microcephaly) resulting to lifelong mental deficiency.

4. Zika produces mild flu like symptoms like fever, headache body pain, joint pain, rashes, and conjunctivitis which typically last for about a week.

5. Most people who are infected with zika virus do not have symptom of the disease. If symptoms does appear, it is usually mild and can be mistaken for flu or dengue.

6. Zika virus can be transmitted by sexual contact. It is possible to transmit the virus via blood transfusion.

7. Treatment for zika is supportive like increasing oral fluid intake, encouraging rest, and alleviating symptoms.

8. Currently, there is no vaccine that can prevent zika virus. Steps to prevent moquito bite should be taken (i.e. discourage traveling to Zika prone countries while pregnant, eliminate breeding ground of mosquito, and using insect repellent.)

9. Zika virus is liked to Guillain-Barré syndrome, a rare life-threatening autoimmune disease causing ascending paralysis (from feet to head).

10. Infection with zika virus can provide life-long immunity against this disease.


14 Facts about Rabies You should Know

14 Facts about Rabies You should Know

By: Arlene Gentallan

14 Facts about Rabies You should Know
14 Facts about Rabies You should Know

Rabies is a disease caused by rabies virus which affects the central nervous sytem. Here are the facts you should know:

1. Rabies is fatal. Once symptoms of rabies appears, it's usually too late to treat it. The victim usually dies.

2. The nearer the bite site to the brain, the earlier the symptoms of rabies appears.

3. Early symptoms of rabies includes a tingling sensation at the area of the animal bite, fever, headache, bodyache, malaise, nausea, loss of appetite. As the disease progress, symptoms worsens: muscle spasm, difficulty speaking, irritability, confusion, hallucination, aggressiveness, double vision, difficulty breathing, hydrophobia (fear of water), hypersalivation, paralysis, coma.

4. Humans are infected with rabies through saliva of an infected animal transmitted through bite, scratch or lick to an open wound or mucous membrane.

5. Worldwide, the most common animal that infects humans with rabies is dog. Bats, cats, cattle, coyotes ,ferrets, foxes, goats, horses, mongoose, monkeys, raccoons, skunks, and wolves are also known carrier of rabies virus.

6. In america, rabies is most commonly transmitted by bats.

7. Rats, mice, chipmunks, guinea pigs, hamsters, squirrels and other small rodents are usually not infected with rabies.

8. You can contract rabies from an infected person.

9. The incubation period or the length of time for the symptoms to occur can be as fast as few days to as long as 1 year after exposure to an infected animal.

10. Rabies is classified as a neglected tropical disease.

11. Once bitten, immediately wash the area with soap and water for 15 minutes then go to your health provider.

12. Rabies shot (rabies  immune globulin and rabies vaccine), if given as soon as possible after a person is bitten / exposed to an infected animal provides an effective cure against this fatal disease.

13. Only the following countries from Asia are considered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as rabies-free: British Indian Ocean Territory, Cyprus, Hong Kong, Japan, Macau SAR, Maldives, and Singapore.

14. Antarctica, the fifth largest continent, is the only continent that's rabies-free.



Resource:

Rabies-Free Countries and Political Units. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/importation/rabies-free-countries.html

10 facts on rabies. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/rabies


Grab this Superior Rehydration Drink

Grab this Superior Rehydration Drink

By: Arlene Gentallan

Grab this Superior Rehydration Drink
Grab this Superior Rehydration Drink

        Sports drink comes handy during a sweaty exercise. But did you know that skim milk is better in rehydrating?

        It's important to keep yourself well hydrated during an exercise. Did you know that even a 1% dehydration is enough to cause a 15% decrease in physical performance? If you're competing, that's a major drawback.

        Researcher Brian Timmons et al. looked at how efficient milk rehydrates kids compared to sports drink and water after an exercise in a climate chamber at the Children's Exercise and Nutrition centre of McMaster University and McMaster Children's Hospital.

        Study participants involved 14 kids who were to be hydrated with skim milk, sports drink, or water after a 40 minute exercise via a stationary bike. Those who drink skim milk retained about 75% fluids compared to the 60% retained with sports drink, and 5o% retained with water. Also, those who drink water produced twice as many urine compared to those who drink skim milk.

        Milk is an excellent hydration drink because it replaces lost electrolytes and pumps your body with needed fluids, electrolytes such as sodium and calcium, carbohydrates, fats, and protein.

        This new finding makes it clear that milk shouldn't just be served at breakfast or bedtime, but also after a strenuous activity. It's a drink that's charged with electrolytes and nutrients your body needs to keep going.



        Note: Full cream milk contains more fat. Drink skim milk or low fat milk instead.


How long is tetanus toxoid vaccine effective?

How long is tetanus toxoid vaccine effective?

By: Arlene Gentallan

How long is tetanus toxoid vaccine effective?
How long is tetanus toxoid vaccine effective?

        Tetanus toxoid contains inactivated tetanus toxin. It is administered to an individual to trigger the production of antibody against tetanus.

        Tetanus toxoid vaccine is a booster given every 10 years for ages 7 years old and up.

        However, if 5 years has passed since you've received your last tetanus toxoid vaccine and you sustained a physical injury (like a deep cut) which puts you at risk of tetanus, it is recommended that you get both tetanux toxoid vaccine and tetanus toxoid immune globulin shot.

        As opposed to tetanus toxoid which triggers your body to produce antibody, tetanus immune globulin already contains antibodies which provides you with short-term but immediate protection against the disease.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vaccines for Tetanus


For children less than 7 years old:
Diphtheria, Tetanus Toxoids, Acellular Pertussis (DTaP) vaccines
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Whole Cell Pertussis (DTwP) vaccines
Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoid (DT) vaccines

For ages 11 years to 64 years:
Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccines
Tetanus and diphtheria (Td) vaccines



Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP) or Diphtheria, Tetanus, Whole Cell Pertussis (DTwP)
vaccine is given at the following age to complete 5 doses:

1st dose - 2 months old (1st dose is given at a minimum age of 6 weeks)
2nd dose - 4 months old (minimum of 4 weeks interval from 1st dose)
3rd dose - 6 months old (minimum of 4 weeks interval from 2nd dose)
4th dose - 15 to 18 months old (minimum of 6 weeks interval from 3rd dose) *4th dose could be given as early as 12 months of age if interval from 3rd dose is 6 weeks
5th dose - 4 to 6 years old (minimum of 6 weeks interval from 4th dose)

Note: DTaP is not given to children older than 6 years old.



Diphtheria and tetanus (DT) vaccine is given to children with contraindication to pertussis vaccine. It is given to infants 6 weeks up to children 6 years of age:


Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccine is a booster given only once (single dose) to ages 11 years old to 64 years old.


Tetanus and diphtheria (Td)
vaccines is a booster given every 10 years


Amount per dose: 0.5 mL

Storage: Store vaccine at temperature range of 2°C to 8°C (35°F to 46°F). Do not freeze.


How to make swish and swallow solution

How to make swish and swallow solution

How to make swish and swallow solution
How to make swish and swallow solution

To make swish and swallow solution, prepare the following medicine:

12ml of hydrocortisone 100mg/2ml
7.5ml of nystatin suspension
12ml of tetracycline 125mg/5ml
150ml diphenhydramine 12.5/5ml

Note: If tetracycline is not available, you can substitute it with doxycycline 100mg capsule.

Instruction to make swish and swallow solution:
Mix all the above mentioned medicine.

Dosage and Frequency:
Use 10ml of swish and swallow solution four times a day.



Saturday, August 5, 2017

10 Fun Facts about Red wine

10 Fun Facts about Red wine

By: Arlene Gentallan

10 Fun Facts about Red wine
10 Fun Facts about Red wine

Drinking red wine has both advantages and disadvantages. Here's what you should know.

Interesting facts about red wine.

1. Did you know that the antioxidant content of 1 glass of red wine is comparable to 2o glasses of apple juice?

2. Red wine has more antioxidant content that white wine. This is because red wine is made by fermenting grapes together with it's antioxidant-rich skin.

3. Fermenting grapes together with it's skin gives red wine it's red color.

4. As red wine ages, it's color changes from dark purple, deep red, to dull brown.

5. Wine contains sulfur dioxide (also known as sulfites), a preservative added to wine. It is also a by-product of yeast fermentation during wine-making. Sulfur dioxide can produce allergic reaction to a small number of people. It can also trigger an asthma attack.

6. Red wine contains histamine which can trigger headache.

7. Histamine in red wine can also trigger an asthma attack!

8. Did you know that a research conducted in Harvard Medical School found out that a moderate intake of red wine regularly reduces incidence of gallstone and kidney stone.

9. Drinking red wine prevents osteoporosis.

10. Consumption of red wine reduces bad cholesterol and lowers blood sugar.



Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 10:

If you're having a trouble recalling something, close your eye to remember it. Doing so decreases sensory output to your brain.
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 10:
If you're having a trouble recalling something, close your eye to remember it. Doing so decreases sensory output to your brain.

Friday, August 4, 2017

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 8:

Did you know emotional tears actually contains a natural pain killer called "leucine enkephalin."
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 8:
Did you know emotional tears actually contains a natural pain killer called "leucine enkephalin."

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 7:

hiccups
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 7:
Having hiccups?
Swallow 1 tbsp sugar to make it go away.

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 6:

A study shows that drinking more water helps you loose weight.
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 6:
A study shows that drinking more water helps you loose weight.

Monday, July 31, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 5:

Garlic and onion are alternative medicine to dissolve gallstones!
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 5:
Garlic and onion are alternative medicine to dissolve gallstones!

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Saturday, July 29, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 3:

Your cellphone is 10 times dirtier than your toilet seat!
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 3:
Your cellphone is 10 times dirtier than your toilet seat!

Friday, July 28, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 2:

Virgin coconut oil, castor oil, & olive oil can be used as eye drop to relieve dry eye syndrome. It often works better than conventional eye drop for the long-term relief of dry eyes.
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 2:
Virgin coconut oil, castor oil, & olive oil can be used as eye drop to relieve dry eye syndrome. It often works better than conventional eye drop for the long-term relief of dry eyes.

Thursday, July 27, 2017

Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 1:

WHY LAUGHTER IS "THE BEST MEDICINE?
Daily Health Tips & Trivia # 1:
WHY LAUGHTER IS "THE BEST MEDICINE?"
Triggers release of natural pain-killers "endorphins"
Boost immunity
Lowers blood pressure
Lowers stress hormones
Improves emotional health
Uplifts the mood
Strengthens bond

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

11 Milk Trivia & Fun Facts

11 Milk Trivia & Fun Facts

By: Arlene Gentallan

11 Milk Trivia & Fun Facts
11 Milk Trivia & Fun Facts

Fun facts and trivia about milk. Know this before drinking your Milk

1. Did you know that milk is high in saturated fats which can increase your risk of developing coronary vascular disease like atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke. Choose a low fat milk.

2. Research has found an association between drinking milk and developing ovarian cancer / prostate cancer.

3. While milk is a good source of calcium, drinking 3 glass of milk is not enough, you need to also exercise to keep calcium in your bones.

4. Countries where milk consumption is high tend to have higher rates of fracture and osteoporosis compared to countries with less dairy consumption.

5. Dairy products like milk stimulates stomach acid secretion because of it's high fat content. This aggravates heartburn / gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

6. Mammals only drink milk when they are babies, except humans.

7. You need vitamin D in order to absorb calcium from your diet.

8. One glass of milk provides about 300mg of calcium, but humans can only absorb about 100mg.

9. Did you know that about 99% of your body's total calcium is stored in your bones and teeth?

10. While dairy products like milk is a good source of calcium, you can also get this mineral from vegetables like kale, broccoli, and Chinese cabbage.

11. Our major source of milk comes from cows.



Which can give more Calcium: Cow's milk vs Spinach

Which can give more Calcium: Cow's milk vs Spinach

By: Arlene Gentallan

Which can give more Calcium: Cow's milk vs Spinach
Which can give more Calcium: Cow's milk vs Spinach

        Where can you get more calcium? Is it from cow's milk or from spinach?

 Calcium absorption: Cow's milk vs. Spinach

        One serving of milk (1 glass) contains about 300mg calcium. On the other hand, one serving of cooked spinach (half a cup) contains about 115mg of calcium.

        But, the human body can not absorb all their calcium content. We can
absorb about 32% of cow's milk calcium content, while only 5% from spinach. So, our body can absorb about 100mg calcium from 1 serving of milk while only 6mg per serving of spinach.


Why?

        Although spinach contains more calcium than most vegetables, human absorb less calcium because of it's high oxylate content. That means in order to get the same amount of calcium from 1 glass of milk, you'll need to eat about 8 cups of cooked spinach.


Sunday, July 16, 2017

Alcohol intake during Pregnancy alters a Baby's facial feature

Alcohol intake during Pregnancy alters a Baby's facial feature

By: Arlene Gentallan

Alcohol intake during Pregnancy alters a Baby's facial feature
Alcohol intake during Pregnancy alters a Baby's facial feature

        Alcohol intake in excess during pregnancy can have delirious effects to the unborn child. Even small intake of alcohol does have a price.

        Pregnant women who drink even the slightest amount of alcohol at any point during pregnancy can consequently lead to minor defects on their baby's facial feature. Further studies are still needed to see if small intake of alcohol consumed during pregnancy has a negative effect to a child's mental development.

        According to the researchers "For women who are, or may become pregnant, avoiding alcohol is the safest option."

        A 3 year study involving 415 children found through 3-dimensional craniofacial analysis anomalies in facial feature of children whose mother drunk alcohol during pregnancy. Facial anomalies were not readily visible to the naked eye. Anomalies could be seen on the forehead, midface, eyes, nose, or chin. Some facial defects seen are upward displacement of the nose, and depression of the midface.

        3D craniofacial analysis was done during a child's first year of life.

        Facial defects of the forehead were observed among children whose mother have low exposure to alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy.

        Facial defects seen on the eyes, chin, midface and parietal region were observed in children whose mother have moderate (1 drink per day) to heavy (8 or more drinks per week) intake of alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy.

        Facial defect seen on the chin was observed in children whose mother binge drink (4 or more drinks on a single occasion) on alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), "There is no known safe level of alcohol use during pregnancy. Women who are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant should refrain from drinking alcohol."

Resources:

Muggli, E., Matthews, H., et al. (2017). Association Between Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Craniofacial Shape of Children at 12 Months of Age. JAMA Paediatrics. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0778

https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm#bingeDrinking