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Showing posts from 2017

Beta-carotene 's Cancer Risk among Smokers

Beta-carotene 's Cancer Risk among Smokers

By: Arlene Gentallan

        You're not going to like this...

        Several studies confirms a strong link between daily intake of beta-carotene supplement among smokers and development of cancer. But, isn't beta-carotene an antioxidant? Aren't antioxidants supposed to protect us against cancer?

What is Beta-carotene?

        Beta-carotene is an important antioxidant our body needs in order to make Vitamin A which is essential for good eye sight, healthy skin, and functioning immune system.

        Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin which means your body can store it in your liver where it can accumulate into toxic level over time if your intake is too much.

        On the other hand, taking beta-carotene is relatively safe because it does not reach toxic level in the body. Your body regulates how much beta-carotene is converted into Vitamin A.

Research shows...

        29,133  smokers who jointed the ATBC (Alpha-Tocopherol, B…

Dengvaxia: Know this Before getting the Shot

Dengvaxia: Know this Before getting the Shot

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Public expressed concern as the French drug maker Sanofi Pasteur announced last November 30, 2017 that the vaccine Dengvaxia isn't as safe as they first claimed it to be.

        Dengvaxia, a 20 year undertaking to prevent the mosquito-transmitted disease dengue, can lead an individual to develop a severe form of dengue if they have not yet been previously infected by dengue.

        Sanofi clarified that Dengvaxia does not cause dengue infection. Receiving dengvaxia shot will however, increase the chance that an individual will have a severe form of infection should they be infected with dengue for the first time.

        Dengue has 4 strains of virus. It is known that a person develops a life-long immunity against a specific strain from prior infection. But, a reinfection of dengue from another strain will result to a more serious infection.

        Study has shown that those individuals with previous deng…

Magnet Kills Cancer Cells

Magnet Kills Cancer Cells

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Scientists in South Korea devised an extraordinary way to trigger cancer cells to self-destruct. How did they do this? Here's where magnet does amazing tricks.

        Our body has an efficient mechanism of getting rid of old or damaged cells. That is, they are programmed to self-destruct (aka. apoptosis) and then be cleared away by the immune system, giving way for new healthy cells to grow.

        But in the case of cancer cells, instead of self-destructing, they continue to grow uncontrollably, even when they no longer serve any useful function for the body. What's more, they rapidly multiply in number,  invade normal tissues and organs, and compete for nutrients to sustain their exponential growth.

Yeah, sounds like a zombie. You get the point?

Here's the trick...

        Both normal and cancel cells share one thing in common, they have a receptor that can be activated to initiate  programmed cell death. It's c…

Sweet tooth's Liver Culprit

Sweet tooth's Liver Culprit

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Are ice cream, cakes, chocolate, and candies part of your to do list? Perhaps not...?

        Let's take a peek into your liver. Did you know there's a hormone secreted by the liver that makes one vulnerable to the allure of those sweet goodness--it's the FGF21.

        A study led by M. Gillum discovered that study participants with gene FGF21 variants are 20% more likely to be top consumers of sweets.

        Do remember that too much isn't always good.

        The study also revealed that people with variants of FGF21 gene not only has an increased likelihood of being sweet lover, they also have a higher tendency to drink more alcohol and smoke.

        Though the study was not able to find a link that FGF21 can predispose an individual to diabetes type 2 and obesity.


Cell Press. (2017, May 2). Got a sweet tooth? Blame your liver. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 8, 2017 from www.scienc…

Anti-diabetic Facts: Oleuropein in Olive stimulates Insulin production

Anti-diabetic Facts: Oleuropein in Olive stimulates Insulin production

By: Arlene Gentallan

Here's a good reason to add olive oil in your diet.

A research led by Bin Xu, Ph.D found an important compound in olive that's key in it's anti-diabetic property. Oleuropein in olive leaves stimulates the beta cells of pancreas to produce insulin. Our body needs insulin to transport glucose into cells which in turn will be used as an energy source. This in turn, will lower blood sugar level.

Here's another advantage of olive that works in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Did you know that amylin amyloids (protein aggregates) can build up in your pancreas with damaging consequence to insulin-producing beta cells. Oleuropein inhibits amylin amyloids deposition in the pancreas.


The beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas procude and store insulin.


Bin Xu, Ling Wu, Paul Velander, Dongmin Liu. Olive component oleuropein promotes ß-cell insul…

What are the Common causes of Hypokalemia?

What are the Common causes of Hypokalemia?

By: Arlene Gentallan

What is hypokalemia?

        Hypokalemia refers to lower than normal levels of potassium in the body. Potassium is an important electrolyte needed to transmit electrical signal need for muscle contraction.

        Normal potassium level is between 3.5 to 5.0 meq/L. When potassium level drops below normal, it is called hypokalemia. Hypokalemia is not a disease, rather, it is a sign of an underlying disease.

Hypokalemia (low potassium level) can result to symptoms such as:
Muscle crampsMuscle twitchingMuscle tinglingMuscle weaknessAbdominal crampsConstipationConfusionIrregular heart beat
         If potassium level drops to a critical level, it can cause abnormal heart rhythm and compromise the pumping of the heart leading to heart cardiac arrest.

What are the causes of hypokalemia?

        The most commons cause of potassium deficiency is excessive potassium loss in the urine like in cases when diuretics is used. Here are the…

Aspirin Cuts risk of Cancer Death

Aspirin Cuts risk of Cancer Death

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Cancer is a dreadful diagnosis which commonly struck it's sufferer with fear. There is a growing population of cancer victims.

        Research is continuously seeking new grounds for the fight against cancer.

        Aspirin, an over the counter pain medication and anticoagulant has a surprising health benefit. Regular use of aspirin lowers risk of dying from cancer according to a study led by Yin Cao (an instructor in the Medicine, Clinical and Translation Epidemiology Unit at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School) which was presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research held in Washington.

     Here are the benefits of long term regular intake of aspirin:
Cuts overall risk of dying from cancer by 7% in women and 11% in men.Cuts risk of dying from colorectal cancer by 31% in women and 3o% in men.Cuts risk of dying from breast cancer by 11% in women.Cuts risk of dyin…

10 Facts about Zika Virus

10 Facts about Zika Virus

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Zika virus is causing an outrage because of serious effect it inflicts to unborn children. Here are the facts you should know about this tropical disease:

1. Did you know that zika virus was first seen in monkeys in Zika Forest in Uganda way back 1947.

2. Zika virus is a flaviviruses transmitted by bite of Aedes mosquito. These mosquitoes are most active during the day.

3. If a pregnant woman gets infected with zika virus, it can lead to devastating outcome to the unborn child. Zika virus shrinks the brain and head of an unborn child (microcephaly) resulting to lifelong mental deficiency.

4. Zika produces mild flu like symptoms like fever, headache body pain, joint pain, rashes, and conjunctivitis which typically last for about a week.

5. Most people who are infected with zika virus do not have symptom of the disease. If symptoms does appear, it is usually mild and can be mistaken for flu or dengue.

6. Zika virus can be tran…

14 Facts about Rabies You should Know

14 Facts about Rabies You should Know

By: Arlene Gentallan

Rabies is a disease caused by rabies virus which affects the central nervous sytem. Here are the facts you should know:

1. Rabies is fatal. Once symptoms of rabies appears, it's usually too late to treat it. The victim usually dies.

2. The nearer the bite site to the brain, the earlier the symptoms of rabies appears.

3. Early symptoms of rabies includes a tingling sensation at the area of the animal bite, fever, headache, bodyache, malaise, nausea, loss of appetite. As the disease progress, symptoms worsens: muscle spasm, difficulty speaking, irritability, confusion, hallucination, aggressiveness, double vision, difficulty breathing, hydrophobia (fear of water), hypersalivation, paralysis, coma.

4. Humans are infected with rabies through saliva of an infected animal transmitted through bite, scratch or lick to an open wound or mucous membrane.

5. Worldwide, the most common animal that infects humans with rabies is dog. Bats, cats…

Grab this Superior Rehydration Drink

Grab this Superior Rehydration Drink

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Sports drink comes handy during a sweaty exercise. But did you know that skim milk is better in rehydrating?

        It's important to keep yourself well hydrated during an exercise. Did you know that even a 1% dehydration is enough to cause a 15% decrease in physical performance? If you're competing, that's a major drawback.

        Researcher Brian Timmons et al. looked at how efficient milk rehydrates kids compared to sports drink and water after an exercise in a climate chamber at the Children's Exercise and Nutrition centre of McMaster University and McMaster Children's Hospital.

        Study participants involved 14 kids who were to be hydrated with skim milk, sports drink, or water after a 40 minute exercise via a stationary bike. Those who drink skim milk retained about 75% fluids compared to the 60% retained with sports drink, and 5o% retained with water. Also, those who drink water produce…

How long is tetanus toxoid vaccine effective?

How long is tetanus toxoid vaccine effective?

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Tetanus toxoid contains inactivated tetanus toxin. It is administered to an individual to trigger the production of antibody against tetanus.

        Tetanus toxoid vaccine is a booster given every 10 years for individuals ages 7 years old and up.

        However, if 5 years has passed since you've received your last tetanus toxoid vaccine and you sustained a physical injury (like a deep cut) which puts you at risk of tetanus, it is recommended that you get both tetanux toxoid vaccine and tetanus toxoid immune globulin shot.

        As opposed to tetanus toxoid which triggers your body to produce antibody, tetanus immune globulin already contains antibodies which provides you with short-term but immediate protection against the disease.


Vaccines for Tetanus

For children less than 7 years old:
Diphtheria, Tetanus Toxoids, Ac…

How to make swish and swallow solution

How to make swish and swallow solution

To make swish and swallow solution, prepare the following medicine:

12ml of hydrocortisone 100mg/2ml
7.5ml of nystatin suspension
12ml of tetracycline 125mg/5ml
150ml diphenhydramine 12.5/5ml

Note: If tetracycline is not available, you can substitute it with doxycycline 100mg capsule.

Instruction to make swish and swallow solution:
Mix all the above mentioned medicine.

Dosage and Frequency:
Use 10ml of swish and swallow solution four times a day.

10 Fun Facts about Red wine

10 Fun Facts about Red wine

By: Arlene Gentallan

Drinking red wine has both advantages and disadvantages. Here's what you should know.

Interesting facts about red wine.

1. Did you know that the antioxidant content of 1 glass of red wine is comparable to 2o glasses of apple juice?

2. Red wine has more antioxidant content that white wine. This is because red wine is made by fermenting grapes together with it's antioxidant-rich skin.

3. Fermenting grapes together with it's skin gives red wine it's red color.

4. As red wine ages, it's color changes from dark purple, deep red, to dull brown.

5. Wine contains sulfur dioxide (also known as sulfites), a preservative added to wine. It is also a by-product of yeast fermentation during wine-making. Sulfur dioxide can produce allergic reaction to a small number of people. It can also trigger an asthma attack.

6. Red wine contains histamine which can trigger headache.

7. Histamine in red wine can also trigger an asthma attack!

8. Did you…

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11 Milk Trivia & Fun Facts

11 Milk Trivia & Fun Facts

By: Arlene Gentallan

Fun facts and trivia about milk. Know this before drinking your Milk

1. Did you know that milk is high in saturated fats which can increase your risk of developing coronary vascular disease like atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke. Choose a low fat milk.

2. Research has found an association between drinking milk and developing ovarian cancer / prostate cancer.

3. While milk is a good source of calcium, drinking 3 glass of milk is not enough, you need to also exercise to keep calcium in your bones.

4. Countries where milk consumption is high tend to have higher rates of fracture and osteoporosis compared to countries with less dairy consumption.

5. Dairy products like milk stimulates stomach acid secretion because of it's high fat content. This aggravates heartburn / gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

6. Mammals only drink milk when they are babies, except humans.

7. You need vitamin D in order to absorb calcium from your die…

Which can give more Calcium: Cow's milk vs Spinach

Which can give more Calcium: Cow's milk vs Spinach

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Where can you get more calcium? Is it from cow's milk or from spinach?

 Calcium absorption: Cow's milk vs. Spinach

        One serving of milk (1 glass) contains about 300mg calcium. On the other hand, one serving of cooked spinach (half a cup) contains about 115mg of calcium.

        But, the human body can not absorb all their calcium content. We can absorb about 32% of cow's milk calcium content, while only 5% from spinach. So, our body can absorb about 100mg calcium from 1 serving of milk while only 6mg per serving of spinach.


        Although spinach contains more calcium than most vegetables, human absorb less calcium because of it's high oxylate content. That means in order to get the same amount of calcium from 1 glass of milk, you'll need to eat about 8 cups of cooked spinach.

Alcohol intake during Pregnancy alters a Baby's facial feature

Alcohol intake during Pregnancy alters a Baby's facial feature
By: Arlene Gentallan

        Alcohol intake in excess during pregnancy can have delirious effects to the unborn child. Even small intake of alcohol does have a price.
        Pregnant women who drink even the slightest amount of alcohol at any point during pregnancy can consequently lead to minor defects on their baby's facial feature. Further studies are still needed to see if small intake of alcohol consumed during pregnancy has a negative effect to a child's mental development.
        According to the researchers "For women who are, or may become pregnant, avoiding alcohol is the safest option."
        A 3 year study involving 415 children found through 3-dimensional craniofacial analysis anomalies in facial feature of children whose mother drunk alcohol during pregnancy. Facial anomalies were not readily visible to the naked eye. Anomalies could be seen on the forehead, midface, eyes, nose, or c…


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