Sunday, November 27, 2016

12 Facts about Warts


12 Facts about Warts

By: Arlene Gentallan



Facts about Warts
Facts about Warts

1. Warts are skin growths that develops when the skin becomes infected with human papilloma virus (HPV). There are more than 100 types of HPV that can cause warts to humans.

2. Wart sizes can vary from tiny to large. It can be a single growth or multiple cluster. They  are usually painless  except when they grow on unfavorable location such as the sole of the foot.

3. Warts may disappear even without treatment, but it may take several months up to 2 years.

4. There are warts that do not disappear even after treatment.

5. It’s is not unusual for a wart to reappear even after finishing treatment.


6. Warts are contagious. It can be transmitted by person to person contact. Items touched by an infected person can harbor viruses which can then cause wart in another person. HPV virus enters it’s host through a break in the skin.


7. Using a public shower with bare feet can increases your risk of being infected and developing warts.

8. People with weak immune system are susceptible to develop wart, but healthy people may also develop warts.


9. A cluster of warts is more resistant to treatment than a single wart.


10. Are warts cancerous?
Warts usually are not cancerous, however there are certain types of human papilloma virus (HPV) that can cause cervical cancer, and vaginal cancer.

11. Human papilloma virus (HPV) causing wart can stay dormant in your body and be activated by conditions like stress and weakened immune system.


12. There are several types of warts:

Common warts (aka. Palmer wart) – usually appearing on the hand, but may also grow on other parts of the body. They appear as single or multiple small raised grayish or brownish rough growths on the surface of the skin

Plantar warts  - Warts appearing on the soles of the feet. They appear as small hard rough growths with black pinpoint spots on it’s surface.

Mosaic warts - Warts that appear in cluster

Flat warts - Appears as small, smooth, skin-colored growths usually that usually develops on the face, neck, legs, and hands.

Periungual warts – appears as raised rough growth under or around the nails.

Filiform warts – appears as thread-like growths, flesh-colored growths usually located on the face.

Genital warts (condylomata acuminata) – An STD that appears on the genital area.

Oral warts (Heck’s disease) – Appear on the oral cavity

Butcher’s wart – Appears among people who regularly handles meat, like butchers.




Safest for Arthritis pain: Celecoxib, Naproxen, or Ibuprofen

Which is really safest for Arthritis pain: Naproxen, Ibuprofen, or Celecoxib

 By: Arlene Gentallan


Which is really safest for Arthritis pain: Naproxen, Ibuprofen, or Celecoxib

        Arthritic pain can be debilitating. While alternative treatments are available, many people around the world depend on medicine to manage this agonizing symptom. Doctors prescribe the safest and lowest recommended dose effective to relieve pain.

        Naproxen, ibuprofen, and celecoxib are popular generic names of a drugs that’s the well known among chronic pain sufferers...so which one is safest?


1. Acetaminophen (Tylenol), also known as paracetamol, is usually the first line of treatment in managing mild arthritis pain, however it doesn’t relieve inflammation. Dosage should not exceed 4000mg in 24 hours.

2. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which includes ibuprofen and naproxen. Ibuprofen relieves pain quicker than naproxen. While on the other hand, naproxen’s pain relieving effect last longer than ibuprofen.

3. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (COX-2 inhibitor) celecoxib is carries less risk of gastrointestinal bleeding as opposed to NSAIDs .


Long term use of naproxen, ibuprofen, or celecoxib can increase risk of developing heart attack and stroke

        It is known that longs term use of naproxen carries a lower risk of developing heart attack and stroke as opposed to ibuprofen. Celecoxib, being a cox-2 inhibitor generally carries the most risk of cardiovascular involvement among the.



NSAID’s safety over Celecoxib Debunked by Research?

        A study by Dr. S. Nissen, Dr. M. Yeomans, Dr D. Solomon, et al., compared celecoxib, naproxen, and ibuprofen efficacy among patients suffering from arthritis who failed to achieve relief from acetaminophen.

        24,081 individuals suffering from arthritis were involved in the study. 8072 participants received 100mg celecoxib taken 2 times a day. 8040 participants received 600mg ibuprofen taken 3 times a day. 7969 participants received 375mg naproxen mg taken 2 times a day


The result of the study shows that:

        Gastrointestinal problem was lower among those taking celecoxib as opposed to those taking NSAIDs (ibuprofen and naproxen).

        Celecoxib and naproxen caused significantly lower kidney problem and hospitalization secondary to hypertension compared to ibuprofen.

The study shows that contrary to general information, ibuprofen has the highest risk in terms of gastrointestinal, renal, and cardiovascular involvement, while celecoxib appears to be the safest.



Wednesday, November 16, 2016

8 Lettuce facts You should Know

8 Interesting Facts and Health Benefits of Lettuce

By: Arlene Gentallan

        Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is a renowned salad companion, but there's so much more this leafy green.

interesting Facts and Health Benefits of Lettuce
8 Lettuce facts You should Know


1. Heart friendly

        Daily consumption of lettuce lowers bad cholesterol and reduces risk of cardiovascular diseases.



2. Lettuce has a history

        Lettuce is a vegetable we commonly see in salad. But to the ancient Egyptians where it was first cultivated, this leafy green is not your typical appetizer. In fact it has a reputation of being used as an aphrodisiac. Lettuce is associated with the Egyptian god of fertility, Min.



3. Low in calories

        1 cup or 36g shredded green leaf lettuce contains only 5 calories. That's something you don't want to miss in your weight loss diet.



4. Rich in Vitamin K

        Lettuce is a rich source of vitamin K which is important in blood clotting. 1 cup chopped green leaf lettuce contains about 63smcg of Vitamin K.

        Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of Vitamin K is 90mcg for adult females and 120mcg for adult males.



5. Vitamin A

        Did you know that 1 cup or 36g shredded green leaf lettuce contains about 2,666 IU of Vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential to maintain healthy eyes, skin, teeth, bones, tissues, and immune system.

        Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of Vitamin A is 2300 IU fo adult females and 3000 IU for adult males, with an upper limit of 10000 IU.



6. Are you allergic to lettuce?

        Yes, there are people who are allergic to lettuce. Even allergy to skin contact with lettuce has been reported. If it's your first time to eat lettuce, you may want to undergo skin testing first.



7. Be wary of contamination

        Lettuce can offer a favorable breeding ground for bacteria like Escherichia coli and salmonella which can cause food poisoning. Prevent lettuce food poisoning by properly washing the green produce, ensuring the utensils you use are clean, and storing it properly.



8. Other vitamins and minerals

        Lettuce also contains smaller amounts of other essential vitamins and minerals such as fiber, folate, iron manganese, potassium, omega-3, and Vitamin B complex.



Resources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15291483
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19476020
http://www.consumerlab.com/RDAs/#VitaminK